The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in 1947. China has at times played a minor role. India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the Kargil War. The two countries have also been involved in several skirmishes over control of the Siachen Glacier.
The present conflict is in the Kashmir Valley. The root of conflict between the Kashmiri insurgents and the Indian government is tied to a dispute over local autonomy. There is a lot more to the Kashmir issue, and not all facts have been reported objectively by the polarized media, whether it is about the exodus of Kashmiri Pundits, or the pro-Pakistani sentiment of Kashmiri Muslims. The truth of Kashmir has not been portrayed as it is. Stay tuned to Jan Ki Baat for knowing the actual history of Jammu and Kashmir.
India claims the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir, and, as of 2010, administers approximately 43% of the region. It controls Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, Ladakh, and the Siachen Glacier. India’s claims are contested by Pakistan, which administers approximately 37% of Kashmir, namely Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. China currently administers Demchok district, the Shaksgam Valley, and the Aksai Chin region. China’s claim over these territories has been disputed by India since China took Aksai Chin during the Sino-Indian War of 1962.